Northwestern Polytechnical University,Northwestern Polytechnical University,Northwestern Polytechnical University,Northwestern Polytechnical University,Northwestern Polytechnical University
Recently, with the continuous development and improvement of UAV technology, it not only plays an important role in the military field but also has been widely used in the civil field. However, the continuous reduction in the use of the UAV brings tremendous convenience to people"s life and production. At the same time, the abuse of UAV also pose a huge safety hazard to the country, society and citizens. Therefore, the demand for countermeasure and pro-tection against low-altitude drones is very strong in the military and civilian areas. This article focuses on the ap-plication of UAV in different fields, introduces the safety problems caused by UAVs flying at low altitude, and discusses the types and sources of threats. On this basis, this article focuses on the domestic and foreign anti-UAV technology in-depth analysis of the status quo, systematically on the existing anti-UAV technology and related systems, advantages and disadvantages are introduced. In addition, the future development trend of key technologies of detection and protection in low-altitude anti-aircraft UAV is analyzed and discussed based on the intelligent, integrated and autonomous research and development of low-altitude UAV systems.